Medical Terms

Intravenous fluids

Intravenous (IV) fluids are sterile liquids that are injected directly into the pet’s veins. IV fluids have many purposes in pets

Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency

Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) occurs when the pancrease does not produce enough digestive juices. EPI impairs digestion.


Hypothyroidism refers to abnormally low thyroid hormone levels. Hypothyroidism mostly affects dogs.


A diuretic is a drug that increases urination in pets. In this way, diuretics remove excess fluid and salt from the body.


Hyperthyroidism refers to abnormally high thyroid hormone levels. Hyperthyroidism mostly affects cats.


Hypotension refers to abnormally low blood pressure. Hypotension can occur for many reasons in pets.


Autoimmune conditions occur when the body’s immune system mistakes its own healthy cells for foreign, unhealthy cells and attacks them. This disrupts normal bodily functions.

Pancreatic enzymes

Pancreatic enzymes are natural "juices" that are produced by the pancreas. Pancreatic enzymes help with digestion.

Addisonian crisis

An Addisonian crisis occurs when certain adrenal hormones reach critically low levels. It is a life-threatening emergency.


Biochemistry refers to the study of chemicals in living beings. Biochemistry tests analyse a pet’s blood chemicals.